Pros and Cons of Drinking Wine for Health

benefit of wine

Did you know that wine has been consumed for centuries ago to treat various medical conditions? Even monks in the Middle Ages were believed to live a long life because of drinking wine (in certain amounts) routinely. Until now, many studies also support the health benefits of wine. But besides the good side, also know the bad side of wine for the body.

The benefit of wine

Many studies say that the content of resveratrol found in wine is what plays a role in providing benefits to the body. Resveratrol is a polyphenol compound found in plants. They can protect the body from bacterial infections, fungi, and bad exposure to ultraviolet rays. Resveratrol in wine comes from the skin of red wine. Also, blueberries, cranberries, and some types of nuts are rich in resveratrol.

According to a study published by the American Society for Microbiology in 2016, it was mentioned that resveratrol can reduce the risk of heart disease. Another study conducted by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the United States also reported the benefits of resveratrol for brain health.

benefit of wine

benefit of wine

In a study linking wine to brain health, researchers did it in mice and found that resveratrol can increase levels of heme oxygenase, an enzyme that can protect nerve cells in the brain from damage.

That way, when a stroke occurs, the brain has “prepared itself” for protection because of high enzyme levels. However, it is still unclear whether these benefits come from the content of resveratrol or alcohol contained in wine.

Another study by the Washington University School of Medicine in the United States. It showed that resveratrol in red wine can help prevent vision loss due to uncontrolled growth of blood vessels in the eye.

Side Effects of drinking excess wine

Although drinking wine has many positive benefits, please be aware that excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of:

  • Dependency
  • Depression
  • Mental health disorders
  • Arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Fatty liver
  • Hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis or hardening of the liver
  • Cancer
  • Pancreatitis

Many chronic diseases are caused by excessive alcohol consumption. According to a study published by the American Association for Cancer Research in 2016. It was mentioned that drinking alcohol can increase the risk of melanoma or cancer in the skin.

drinking excess wine

drinking excess wine

Statistically in the world, around 3.6% of cancer sufferers are related to alcohol consumption. Even in 2016, the British government stated that there were no “safe” limits to alcohol consumption.

Guidelines from the 2015-2020 US Dietary Guidelines state that an individual should not start the habit of drinking alcohol for any reason. The amount of alcohol and calories contained in drinks varies and the dose should not be excessive so that it does not harm health.

Drinking wine does have good and bad sides for health. Now, you can decide whether you want to continue the habit or not. If you want to keep consuming wine, it should be limited so as not to overdo it and see also your health condition.